The Final Information To Shopping for Gem stones

Gem stones are stunning, trendy, and an effective way to specific your fashion. However how have you learnt which of them to purchase…and the place? Learn on to search out out all the pieces it’s good to know to make sure you select the proper coloured gemstone for you.

a selection of different gemstones with a rainbow background

We perceive there’s a lot to contemplate when making such a big buy. After studying this weblog, you might not be a licensed gemstone knowledgeable, however you would possibly begin to really feel like one!

Gem stones Fundamentals

Let’s begin with the fundamentals. Many people find out about birthstones, totally different gemstones that correspond to the months of the yr. However what are these colourful creatures, and the way are they created? Are all gems created equal? Let’s dive in.

What are the Totally different Varieties of Gem stones?

There are quite a few gems, the preferred being garnet, amethyst, aquamarine, diamonds, emeralds, pearls, rubies, peridot, sapphires, opals, citrine, and topaz. Every gemstone corresponds to a month of the yr, is related to a particular that means, and has its personal shade (or colours…some gems are available multiple hue).

Associated Weblog Put up: Birthstone Engagement Ring Concepts For Every Month

How are Gem stones Created?

You could have heard about earth created and lab created diamonds, effectively their fellow gems (sure, diamonds are a gemstone!) aren’t any totally different. Gem stones can each be discovered within the earth and created within the lab. Lab created gems, like earth created gems, are 100% actual. The one distinction is their place of birth and technique of creation. The ultimate end result remains to be an actual, vibrant, colourful gemstone.

What’s the Distinction Between Valuable vs. Semi-Valuable?

Gem stones fall into two main classes: treasured and semi-precious. Solely 4 gems are thought-about treasured: diamonds, sapphires, rubies, and emeralds. All different gems are a part of the semi-precious class. The principle distinction is hardness. Whereas treasured gems are extremely wanted, they’re essentially extra beneficial than their semi-precious counterparts. The worth will depend on issues like rarity, measurement, and high quality.

an infographic table showing the different between precious and semi-precious gemstones

What Ought to I Contemplate When Shopping for Gem stones?

There’s a lot to know when shopping for gems, we suggest holding the next issues in thoughts:

  • Sort: Totally different gems have totally different traits. From colours to shapes to availability, realizing which gemstone you’re looking for is necessary.
  • High quality: The standard of a gemstone will have an effect on its shade and worth, amongst different issues. Take a look at the part on the 4Cs under!
  • Origin: Gem stones can come from the earth or the lab. Whereas each are 100% gems, the origin can have an effect on the brightness of the hue and the worth. Some could have a private desire for the origin as effectively.
  • Therapy: Many gems obtain numerous remedies to make sure they’re the very best model of themselves. Some remedies can have an effect on the worth. See extra under!
  • Certification: Certifications include necessary details about a gemstone’s origin, high quality, and traits. Specialists suggest buying a gemstone licensed by a good physique such because the Gemological Institute of America (GIA). Enjoyable reality, all gems at James Allen are licensed by both the GIA or the American Gem Society (AGS).
  • Upkeep: Totally different gems require totally different upkeep. From cleansing to circumstances when it’s really useful to take away them, it is very important preserve this necessary think about thoughts.

The 4 Cs Apply To Gem stones Too

Whereas some could also be conversant in the 4C’s as they apply to diamonds particularly, they really apply to all gems, and it is very important preserve them in thoughts when looking for them.


The colour of a gemstone has three important elements: hue, tone, and saturation. The hue of a gemstone is what most individuals image once you speak about shade. Incessantly, the colour of a gemstone is blended, consisting of a important shade and a second shade blended in. Saturation refers to how pure or intense the principle shade is.

The purer a gemstone’s hue or shade, that means the smaller the tints of different blended in colours, the extra beneficial the gemstone. Moreover, the brighter and extra dynamic the colour, the higher. Many patrons favor gems whose shade is extra delicate than darkish.


Relating to gems, readability issues the quantity of inclusions or blemishes within the gemstone. This is a vital consideration because it impacts the worth and look of the gemstone. Gemstone readability is rated from “included” to “flawless.” The extra flawless, the upper the worth.

an infographic showing the clarity scale for gemstones


A gemstone’s minimize is how it’s formed and polished. This impacts the worth of the gemstone, in addition to its brightness. Gemstone cuts are available spherical, princess, Asscher, cushion, emerald, oval, marquise, and pear.

an infographic showing the different shapes for gemstones

Associated Put up: How To Select The Greatest Diamond Form And Dimension For Your Finger


A gemstone’s carat refers to its weight, one other necessary issue when figuring out the worth of a gemstone. Bigger gems are thought-about extra uncommon and thus extra beneficial.

an infographic showing the different scale of carat sizes for gemstones

All You Must Know About Gemstone Grading Reviews

Gemstone grading reviews state particulars and specs concerning the gemstone, such because the carat weight, form, and different measurements. It additionally notes if the gemstone has obtained therapy. You need to buy a gemstone with a grading report from a good company, such because the GIA, IGI (Worldwide Gemological Institute), or AGS.

A GIA certificate for gemstones

Gemstone Remedies: What Are They?

Gemstone remedies, also called enhancements, are the processes utilized to gems to enhance their pure state. These remedies usually make the gemstone stronger and enhance its brightness. Some remedies have a everlasting impact, whereas others require upkeep.

Widespread Remedies and Their Results

The commonest remedies are warmth remedies, irradiation, dyeing, filling, and coating. Warmth and irradiation remedies and coating remedies assist to carry out the colour and enhance the gemstone’s readability. Filling remedies assist to restore any cavities or fractures that may have an effect on a gemstone’s look.

Can You Inform If a Gemstone Has Been Handled?

Whereas knowledgeable gemologist utilizing microscopes can inform if a gemstone has been handled, usually, gemstone remedies are unseen by the bare eye.

High Ideas & Tips For Shopping for Gem stones

As you possibly can see, shopping for a gemstone is a critical enterprise. When making such an funding, it is very important preserve the next issues in thoughts:

  • Select a Dependable Gemstone Seller: Be sure you are buying at a good store that gives certificates for his or her gems and diamonds.
  • Ask Questions: Take into consideration what’s necessary to you and ensure to ask. Whether or not it’s the 4Cs or remedies, be certain that the gemstone you get has the specified qualities. 
  • Bear in mind Private Desire: Whether or not you like a darkish or gentle hue, a sure form, a everlasting therapy, or are OK with a gemstone which will require some upkeep, the proper gemstone is the one you like finest.

How To Care For Your Gem stones

After you have chosen your gems, it is very important keep them in order that they at all times shine shiny.

Cleansing and Storage

You’ve gotten two selections when cleansing your gems: at residence or with knowledgeable. When selecting to take action at residence, comply with these steps:

  1. Take a small bowl and fill it with delicate dish cleaning soap or particular jewellery cleaner
  2. Combine the answer and take a soft-bristled toothbrush or particular jewellery brush and gently scrub the gemstone.
  3. Now take a smooth, lint-free fabric and gently pat dry the gemstone.

If uncertain, you possibly can at all times carry your gemstone to knowledgeable for cleansing companies. This may be accomplished at most respected retailers.

an infographic detailing how to clean your engagement ring at home

When storing your gemstone, holding them within the unique smooth packaging is really useful to forestall scratches and different attainable injury. 

Keep away from These Widespread Dangers

Preserve your gems out of direct warmth or daylight, and at all times keep away from harsh chemical compounds. Additionally it is really useful to securely retailer your gems when going to the seashore, swimming in a pool (hiya chlorine!), understanding, cleansing, and showering.

Bear in mind, these items can injury the gems you spent a lot time choosing. Let’s preserve these gems shining shiny!

Associated Put up: How To Defend Your Engagement Ring At The Fitness center: And Different Instances To Take away Your Ring

When To Go To The Professionals

In case your gemstone is a part of an intricately designed piece or you’re nervous about enterprise this job your self, it’s best to ask knowledgeable. Most respected jewellery retailers will present cleansing companies.

Don’t Overlook to Get pleasure from Your Gem stones

This can be our most necessary tip! You’ve gotten accomplished the analysis and located the gems; now, it’s time to point out them off! Whether or not you select a novel, colourful gemstone engagement ring, a superb birthstone pendant, or beautiful gemstone earrings, ensure that to take pleasure in them!


What are the important thing elements when shopping for gems?

Take note the kind of gemstone you need, in fact, your funds, and the 4Cs. Don’t neglect to contemplate any remedies and search for certification.

What’s the distinction between earth created and lab created gems, and does it matter?

The one distinction is the place they arrive from. Gem stones from the lab are simply as actual as these discovered within the earth. They simply have a unique origin story.

What are widespread gemstone remedies, and do they have an effect on the worth?

The commonest remedies are warmth, irradiation, and filling. Whereas these remedies enhance the gemstone’s look, they’ll (however don’t at all times) decrease its worth, making these stunning items extra inexpensive.

How can I discover a respected retailer?

Do your analysis! Learn buyer critiques and ensure their merchandise are licensed. Verify their return insurance policies and at all times search for jewellery related to and/or makes use of certificates from skilled organizations such because the AGS or GIA.

How do I look after my gemstone?

Be sure to securely retailer your gemstone and preserve it clear. And, in fact, take pleasure in it!

Store The Gemstone Look

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With over 10 years of expertise writing and modifying on all kinds of topics, Sarah is a veteran of the content material world. Since becoming a member of James Allen, she has targeted on all issues diamonds and tremendous jewellery with the aim of teaching and empowering shoppers.